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Factors Affecting exclusivity of breastfeedings among postpartum mothers in Mandurriao, Iloilo City.

Author

Berlie A. Alvarado,
Leodel T. Barrio,
Angelo Bryan T. Bucquial,
Horacio F. Dojillo Jr.,
Cassandra Elize M. Perez,
Kirstie Angeli P. Ponte,
Justine M. Sumangil,
Melizza  p. Uy

Related Institution

College of Medicine - West Visayas State University

College of Medicine - West Visayas State University

Publication Information

Publication Type
Thesis/Dissertations
Thesis Degree
MD
Specialization
Community Based
Publication Date
May 2018

Abstract

Background: Maternal breastfeeding is the natural and safest way of providing nutrition to infants and its benefits have long been well-established. In the Philippines, both the incidence and duration of breastfeeding are declining despite implementation of national policies. This may be attributed to breastfeeding practices, and Obstetrical, prenatal, demographic, socioeconamic, cultural and administrative factors.


Objectives: This study aimed to determined the factors affecting exclusivity in breastfeeding among postpartum mothers in Mandurriao, Iloilo City.


Methods: Participants were postpartum mothers residing in Mandurriao District, Iloilo City who are 16-49 years old with babies that qualify in the criteria. The target population was determined through purposive sampling in which mothers from each barangay were qualified based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. A three-part questionnaire was self-administered with guidance. The first part gathered information about the mother's demographic factors. The second part gathered information about the breastfeeding practices. The third part obtained information about the others factors affecting exclusivity of breastfeeding. Data were encoded, analyzed and interpreted. Responses were collated and computer-processed using Micro Excel. Frequency count, percentage, mean and coefficient of variation  and standard deviation were used to measure and describe the distribution of data. Graphical representation and prevalence were also computed to describe compliance.


Result: Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for 6 months was found to be 50.63% of the 79 mothers. Most of these mothers are housewives who belong to the younger age group (≤31 years) with low educational attainment, low monthly income, belonging to extended families and unmarried. Regarding obstetric factors, most mothers are multiparous who delivered via NSVD. Parameters in estimating prenatal practices, and prepartum, intrapartum and postpatum factors using recall revealed findings that adherence to guidelines and polices result in better compliance of EBF. Health-related instruction before, during and after delivery and discharge are poorly establishedin these communities based on low level of recall on important topics such as HIV, Hepatitis B, the ENC guidelines, and proper breastfeeding practices.


Conclusion: The prevalence the exclusive breastfeeding in district is less than the national and provincial prevalence reported. With the poorly implemented policies related to breastfeeding, it is imperative that strict implementation and monitoring be establish at the local level. 


Keywords: Exclusive breastfeeding, breastfeeding cessation, postpartum mothers, breastfeeding policies.

Physical Location

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West Visayas State University College of Medicine Library Abstract Print Format

 
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